In the era of artificial intelligence, what abilities do children have in the future?
At the National Two Sessions this year, there was a hot word called "artificial intelligence". Last Saturday, Zhongjiaojun also collected the opinions of users on the topic of "artificial intelligence + education" through a voice discussion, and everyone actively participated in the discussion. That's right, artificial intelligence is not just a distant technology, but gradually penetrates into our lives, and is even closely related to the children's future education environment.
However, Zhongjiao Jun also found that artificial intelligence has made some parents feel flustered. In the future, when the era of artificial intelligence arrives, what qualities do children need to adapt? What can you do for your children?
Don't worry, I will come with you today. In the era of artificial intelligence, what kinds of abilities do your children need?
Do these 5 abilities depend on your children?
What challenges will artificial intelligence bring to our children? How will it affect our children? At the two sessions this year, many representatives and committee members offered suggestions and suggestions to pay attention to the changes that artificial intelligence brings to education.
Next, Zhongjiaojun will give you parents a focus! What is the future of education? What are the opportunities and challenges?
These abilities are very important in the "artificial intelligence" era:
Autonomous learning ability-no longer being "led by the nose", learning is more proactive
User @channelqingruxu said: "In the information age, it is more necessary to cultivate children's ability to obtain effective information quickly and accurately, instead of passively receiving information or even being led by the nose."
Ms. Chen has two treasures at home. This year, the youngest daughter has already entered junior high school, and she clearly felt the difference between the two children’s school education. When the eldest daughter was in school, all the classmates’ homework was the same. After finishing the work, the parents needed to check and sign. Ms. Chen often said: “Mark the questions that you don’t know. If you don’t mention it in class, remember to ask separately. Teacher.” The youngest daughter’s homework needs to be done more on the computer. Not only that, some homework systems will set time, you can see the score and answer analysis after submission, and there will be consolidation exercises for the knowledge points of the wrong questions. , And even generate a set of homework questions suitable for the child based on the child’s homework situation. "Even the transcripts received by parents are not only as simple as scores, but with various line graphs and trend charts, it is clear at a glance whether the child has progressed or regressed." Ms. Chen was very moved.
Zhu Yongxin, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and vice chairman of the Democratic Progressive Central Committee, said: “Traditional school education cannot truly teach every child regardless of their aptitude, but artificial intelligence brings such an opportunity to track and record all the learning processes of students. , To discover the difficulties and key points of learning, so as to help students adjust the learning process in time and tailor learning plans."
You see, artificial intelligence can customize learning content for children. But it does not mean that everything in children can be solved by artificial intelligence. Some researchers have found that once artificial intelligence is popularized, children who are not motivated to learn will become more passive. Those children who are proactive and self-disciplined in learning can well implement the plan step by step according to the artificial intelligence feedback, so as to experience the sense of accomplishment in learning, stimulate interest in learning, make longer-term progress, and form a virtuous circle. Children who lack learning autonomy are likely to perfunctory learning tasks, a vicious circle.
Innovation and practical ability-what is the most valuable in this era, of course "innovation"
In user messages, the word "innovation" accounted for a large proportion. For example, user @梦燚夕 said: "In the era of artificial intelligence, it is more necessary to have innovative thinking." User @SEIF said: "Innovation and thinking ability This is something that artificial intelligence cannot simulate and replace."
In the era of artificial intelligence, humans will become users of machines, and some repetitive and purely intellectual memories will become relatively less important, and the role of powerful thinking will appear. In the era of artificial intelligence, one of the main purposes of learning is to cultivate a series of core qualities and abilities that machines cannot possess, rather than simply acquiring knowledge. "When the machine realizes the mass storage of memory, if school education still only focuses on simple knowledge transfer and allows students to learn formulas, ages, etc., then we are already behind. Rote memorization and a large number of questions will definitely kill humans." Said Ni Minjing, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission.
How to cultivate children's creativity and practical ability? According to Zhongjiaojun, many schools conducted experiments on homework this past winter vacation. The Guchengtai Primary School in Chengxi District, Xining City, this year "played a big move" and set up an "Guchengtai Primary School Holiday Homework Supermarket" online. On the "shelf", there are special tasks such as being a young director shooting a complete video for his family or friends, helping adults calculate the New Year's goods expenses, making a new year cultural mind map, and formulating a new year money use plan.
Different from the traditional consolidation of knowledge and mechanical memory, these activities require students to actively use their brains. According to the teacher, students only need to choose based on their interests, but there is no standard answer for each assignment. Their ideas and creativity are the most important.
Fantastic ideas are the source of children's creative thinking. Abundant imagination can inspire children to create something unique. Therefore, in the daily education process, parents should support their children to actively explore behaviors, guide them to analyze and solve problems on their own, and truly cultivate the children's lifelong learning ability.
In the process of learning, children should not only focus on the unique knowledge, skills and methods needed to engage in a certain profession in the future. What children really need are reasonable values, strong creative thinking ability, etc. These are truly "adults" and going The basic premise of "lifelong learning".
Secondly, children's learning should meet their own interests and needs, and form a personalized knowledge system, not just a standardized knowledge system that applies to everyone. In this way, life-long development can be achieved.
Data analysis ability-see the "doorway" from the data, all industries need
At the just-concluded National Two Sessions, more than one committee member proposed to allow students to learn artificial intelligence knowledge in the basic education stage to improve their competitiveness. Li Xiaoming, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and a professor at the School of Information Science and Technology of Peking University, said: “Computational thinking can help people turn seemingly complex problems into relatively simple ones. Cultivating computational thinking can help people better solve practical problems and have stronger skills. The ability to adapt to the information society."
Not long after the start of the new semester this year, students from the primary school affiliated to Peking University ushered in their own special science quality education class. Primary school students are sitting in the interactive classroom and are doing computer programming and artificial intelligence education. Graphical program modules are built from the children's computer screens. Graphical programming tools are used to describe artificial intelligence knowledge such as genetic algorithms and neural networks. These abstract contents can be developed in the classrooms of primary and secondary schools by virtue of the gamified teaching process and the form of graphical programming.
The "Artificial Intelligence in the Classroom" of Shuren School, the Middle School Affiliated to Nanjing Normal University, quickly became full in less than two hours after the course selection platform was opened. Although they don't understand programming languages, in the graphical interface, students can also use deep learning techniques to design and produce AI models with the convenient operation method of click and drag.
In fact, no matter what career your children plan to pursue in the future, whether they are interested in programming or not, it is necessary to understand a little data analysis ability. Computational thinking, like thinking in images and logical thinking, should become an essential way of thinking for everyone.
It is necessary for parents to let their children come into contact with and understand important media in their future life from an early age, and cultivate the data analysis skills and computational thinking skills that are suitable for them.
Self-cognition ability-children who know themselves and understand their own characteristics are more likely to stand out
User @暖阳怡心 said: "No matter what state artificial intelligence develops, as a child, you can't lose the good essence of being a person, living, studying, working..."
One of the major changes brought about by artificial intelligence is the enormous abundance of resources. Faced with overloaded information and numerous choices, children who can know themselves and understand their own characteristics are more likely to stand out. The ability to know yourself is also not negligible in a child's growth path.
Artificial intelligence pays great attention to the children themselves. According to media reports, on December 27, 2016, Zhongguancun No. 1 Primary School introduced the "China Smart" artificial intelligence robot Xiaopang. On the same day, more than 30 children from Class 8 of Grade 5 in Zhongguancun Primary School, led by Professor Wang Wei of Beihang University, interacted with the cute robot "Little Fat". In the 40-minute interactive lecture session, the children were fascinated by the robot's "ability" such as Xiaopang's English reading, projection playback, and self-built maps. They talked about interacting with Xiaopang.
Xiaopang is a family service robot created by the evolutionary robot company for children. It can not only realize the dialogue with the child smoothly, but also can deepen the understanding of the child’s behavior habits and love through the order given to him by the child. Understand and understand the mood of the child. And by increasing or decreasing the proportion of corresponding content in future interactions, it plays a role in cultivating children's behavior.
In the past, parents often paid attention to whether their children were doing well or not. Now parents should help their children clarify what they want to do. In the era of artificial intelligence, you are not afraid that you are bold, but that you have no ideas. In the era of personalized learning, if children can be clear about their own characteristics and future goals, they can make data and information serve them and make better use of the resources of this era.
Parents must first let their children face themselves: Who am I? What will i do? what should I do? These preliminary explorations and arrangements will help to find children's resources and development advantages, so as to locate them in the future.
Human life is very long, and human growth is a beautiful journey. In a rapidly changing society, we should abandon the unchanging thinking of the past. Since you don't know what the future will be, it's better to let your children recognize themselves and do what they are really good at.
Emotion processing ability-an ability that cannot be replaced by "artificial intelligence"
User @风行 said: "The future society is a society of competence. I think it is very important to improve children's various abilities, including emotional abilities."
Yu Minhong once said in a speech: "In 10 years, 70% of teachers' teaching content will be replaced by machines. Teaching content involving emotions cannot be replaced." Education is not only the cultivation of cultural knowledge, but also the education of soft skills that cannot be ignored. Content, the era of judging personal abilities by examining memory has become history, and every child has hidden talents in certain aspects. For example: Some children are born with a talent for drawing, so they should be cultivated from an early age; some children are born with long hands and feet, so they should cultivate their dancing ability; some children have strong hands-on skills, so you might as well bring them. They take some manual courses.
In the era of artificial intelligence, parents should not only pay attention to the great convenience that artificial intelligence will bring to humans, but also see which abilities are indispensable when facing artificial intelligence, such as emotional processing ability, deep communication ability, perception ability, Creativity, innovation and insight, leadership, organization, imagination and independent thinking ability, etc., these more represent a person's comprehensive qualities and qualities.
You must know that emotional processing ability can only be exercised in daily life, interpersonal skills can only be experienced in constant interaction with people, and creativity can only be felt in attempts. Therefore, parents should adopt an open mind, give children independence and a relaxed environment for growth, let children have more contact and understanding from a young age, and cultivate their creativity and lifelong learning ability, so that they can cope with the coming era of artificial intelligence.
Teachers and parents, robots, language recognition, image recognition, natural language processing, expert systems... these scientific and technological terms that sound "tall" have really gradually entered the primary and middle school campuses from professional laboratories; you once thought " The "artificial intelligence" of distant" has actually arrived.
Artificial intelligence is not terrible, but we must take advantage of the trend so that the growth of children can truly face the future.
——Reprinted from China Education News